All Seminars take place on alternate Saturdays at Truro Library (small training room 1st floor), Pydar Street, Truro
Time: Morning seminar: 10.00 am – 12.30 pm
Afternoon seminar 1.30 pm – 4.00 pm
AUTUMN TERM 2011
8 and 22 October, 5 and 19 November and 3 December 2011
Morning Seminar 9.30 – 12.30
Affect after Lacan: reconceptualisations of the pre oedipal: Sally Sales
The object of these seminars is to think about the clinical encounter and how we can account for its benefits and ‘cures’. We will be looking at two quite distinct traditions within psychoanalysis, the ‘French’ school of Lacan and its emphasis on representation or language and the British school with its emphasis on affect, experiences that are ‘pre’ or ‘extra’ verbal.
Within psychoanalysis there has been a turn towards clinical accounts anchored in affect, marking a return to an interest in the pre-oedipal or the imaginary, even amongst those analysts ‘brought up’ in the lacanian school. The psychoanalytic consigning of affect to the pre oedipal or the imaginary is precisely what Delueze and Guattari were challenging 30 years ago, linking this challenge to a whole politics of redefining the kind of subjects we could become. Does the turn to affect now, in the early 21st century, signal a re-visiting of this radical project? Could we imagine the clinical encounter outside of the totalising framework of representation? Does psychoanalysis simply make our lives more bearable within the existing confines of ourselves or can it help us to radically rewrite the kind of subjects we are?
Seminar One: A Genealogy of Affect & Representation
We will begin with Freud’s distinction between word presentation and thing presentation and via Foucault consider what technologies of the subject generated this founding psychoanalytic dualism. We will go onto briefly look at how this distinction has structured and split the psychoanalytic culture, with the post war emergence of Lacan amidst the ‘pre oedipal’ concerns of Kleinian/British object relations.
Freud, S (1984) ‘The Unconscious’ in On Metapsychology, London: Penguin, Section III unconscious feelings’ and P. 206-208
Foucault, M (2005) The Hermeneutics of the Subject, London: Picador, P. 10-19
Seminar Two: The talking ’cure’
We will begin this seminar by thinking about talking as a curative act within the analytical relation. We will discuss the limitations and possibilities for clinical work of the idea that we are formed in and through language. We will look at a short extract from Lacan, where he both prioritises language and offers a critique of the British schools’ privileging of the pre oedipal and affect. The seminar will conclude with a discussion of Judith’s Butler critique of Lacan, where, drawing on Foucault, she considers the paradox that language in psychoanalysis both cures and injures.
Lacan, J (1977) ‘Function & Field of Speech’ pp.40-45 in Ecrits, London: Routledge
Butler, J (1997) ‘On Linguistic Vulnerability’ in Excitable Speech, London: Routledge
Butler, J (1997) ‘Between Freud and Foucault’ in The Psychic Life of Power, Stanford: Stanford University press
Seminar Three: Affect as cure (1)
We will now go onto consider different psychoanalytic thinkers who have privileged the pre oedipal and the dimension of affect in how they conceptualise clinical work. What does founding an analysis in affect, rather than language contribute to the clinic? We will begin this exploration with a late Winnicott paper, where the analytic relationship is conducted across a space of affective ‘not knowing’.
Winnicott, W (1990) ‘Creative activity and the search for the self’ in Playing & Reality, London: Routledge,
Seminar Four: Working in the imaginary/the pre oedipal
The final two seminars will focus on thinkers whose work has passed through Lacan, but who have critiqued his over arching emphasis on representation. We will begin with Laplanche and his account of seduction and enigmatic signification.
Laplanche, J (1999) ‘Interpretation between Determinism and Hermeneutics’, pp. 161-165 and , ‘Seduction, Persecution, Revelation’, pp. 167-172 both in Essays on Otherness, London: Routledge
Laplanche, J (1989) pp.124-130 in New Foundations for Psychoanalysis, Oxford: Blackwell
Seminar Five: Affect as cure (2)
This seminar will look at the work of both Roustang and Borch Jacobsen, who develop related accounts of affective states as ‘cure’
Roustang, F (2000) ‘On Transference Neurosis’ in How to make a paranoid laugh, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania press
Borch-Jacobsen, M (1993) ‘Hypnosis in Psychoanalysis’ in The Emotional Tie, Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Afternoon seminar 1.30 – 4.00pm
Obsessionality – Ilric Shetland
In these seminars we will explore the theoretical and clinical development of the concept of obsessionality, from Freud through to Lacan. We will compare the very different place it occupies in the object relations and lacanian traditions and consider whether it continues to be a useful clinical concept for our contemporary practice.
Seminar One: Why diagnosis?
In this opening seminar we will think about the idea of diagnosing people and its importance in western notions of the subject. We will use Foucault to trace when the ‘need’ to classify and categorise first emerged. What does diagnosis achieve both for ourselves as practitioners and for the people we see?
Foucault, M (1970) Preface & Classifying in The Order of Things, London: Tavistock
Seminars Two & Three: Freud & Obsessionality
Freud, S ‘The Ratman: Notes upon a case of obsessional neurosis’ in S.E. X, London: Vintage
Seminar Four: Ego Psychology & The British Tradition
Sandler, J (1989) ‘Obsessional manifestations in children’ in From Safety to Superego London: Karnac
Winnicott, DW (1990) ‘Psychoanalysis & the sense of Guilt’ in The Maturational Process & the facilitating environment, London: Karnac
Klein, M (1952) ‘Some theoretical conclusions regarding the emotional life of the infant’ pp. 84-87 in Envy & Gratitude, London: Virago
Seminar Five: Lacan
Lacan, J (1991) pp. 268-69 in Seminar II The Ego in Freud’s theory, New York: Norton
Lacan, J (1977) ‘The function & field of speech’ pp. 95-101 in Ecrits, London: Routledge
SPRING TERM 2012
Training day: January 7th
Clinical implications of Lacan – Val Parks
Some startling accounts circulate about Lacanian clinical practice: 10 minute sessions, silent analysts, no transference or countertransference interpretations, no place for affect. There is also an idea that Lacan’s theory is more influential and widely disseminated amongst cultural theorists, literary critics and even architects than amongst practising analysts. In today’s sessions I will look at the way in which Lacanian clinical work grows out of his theories and is inseparable from it.
Lacan worked as a psychiatrist and psychoanalyst for fifty years and developed his theories from and alongside this work. We shall concentrate on the early theories only of his diverse and changing body of work. So we will look at Lacan’s call for a return to Freud and the implications this has for the way analysts work with the transference. I will then introduce some basic Lacanian ideas about clinical diagnosis and Lacan’s notion of the Real, Symbolic and Imaginary as key concepts in orientating oneself as an analyst.
Lacan (1953): Seminar 1, Freud’s Papers on Technique 1953 – 4 Chapter VII The Topic of the Imaginary pp 73 – 88 trans. John Forrester WW Norton 1988, London
Lacan (1951) : “Intervention on the Transference” in Feminine Sexuality : Jacques Lacan and the Ecole Freudienne eds. Juliet Mitchell and Jacqueline Rose Macmillan London (scanned copy available)
We will also look at a more recent Lacanian clinician’s account of his work:
Gustavo Dessal and commentary by Jacques -Alain Miller : ‘I am so superficial’(case study and clinical conversation) in Psychoanalytical Notebooks 2001 pp 63 – 84
14 and 28 January, 11 and 25 February and 10 March 2012
Morning Seminar 10.00 – 12.30
On the subjects of Butler: from psychoanalysis to queer ecology – Margot Young
This course will introduce some of the diverse strands running through the work of Judith Butler especially in relation to her account of the human subject. We will focus on Butler’s engagement with feminism in her 1990 Gender Trouble and her use of Freud, Lacan and Foucault to theorise the psychic formation of the heteronormatively gendered subject. We will also think about the relevance of Butler’s work for psychoanalytic practice and for the cultural and political context of the clinic. The course will consider some of the ways in which Butler’s work has been applied, focussing on recent psychoanalytically inflected work in “queer ecology” which uses Butler’s theorisation of melancholy subjectivity to question the status of the (human) subject in relation to the nonhuman. This work proposes antinormative eco-practices, which will be looked at in the light of the emergence of ecopsychology and environmentally oriented psychoanalysis.
The themes running through Butler’s account of subject formation will be introduced with reference to her critique of feminism, her use of Foucault’s notion of discourse, and of Freud’s “Mourning and Melancholia” to theorise a foreclosed homosexuality at the heart of subjectivity.
Margot’s introductory notes on work of Judith Butler, (will be distributed well in advance)
Butler, J. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity,1990(1999edn)
Routledge, especially preface to 1990 and 1999 edns, and parts 1 and 2
Foucault, M. Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison, 1991, Penguin, especially “Panopticism”, pp 195 – 228
Foucault, M. The Will to Knowledge: The History of Sexuality Vol 1, 1990, Penguin
Freud, S. “Mourning and Melancholia”, SE, Vol 14
We will continue to explore the themes and readings introduced in Week 1 with an emphasis on Butler’s appropriation of the Lacanian notions of foreclosure, and her further use of Lacan’s notions of the Phallus and femininity as Masquerade to theorise gender performativity.
J. Bodies That Matter: On the Discursive Limits of Sex”, 1993, Routledge, especially Introduction and chapters 1, 2, 3 and 8.
Butler, J. The Psychic Life of Power: Theories in Subjection 1997, Stanford University Press, especially introduction, chapters 3 and 6
Lacan J. “The Signification of the Phallus”, in Lacan, J Ecrits (translated by Bruce Fink). 2007, Norton,
We will look at some critiques of Butler’s use of psychoanalysis in her account of subject formation and evaluate the significance of her work for clinical practice.
Campbell, K. ‘The Plague of the Subject: Judith Butler’s Psychic Life of Power‘,International Journal of Sexuality and Gender, 6(1/2): 35-48, 2001
Pirskanen, J. “The Other and the Real: How does Judith Butler’s Theorising of the Subject and Contingency Differ from New Lacanian Thought?” SQS 01/08 No 8 (available as online pdf)
Weeks 4 – 5
Butler’s social-psychic account of subjectivity has been applied in various cultural and political contexts. We will look in particular at the recent appropriation of her work by theorists and activists seeking to re-think our relation to “nature” and the nonhuman as “other”, and to critique heteronormative environmentalisms. We will consider the relevance of these issues for the psychoanalytic clinic in the light of current ecopsychological theory and practice.
Margot’s notes or paper on “Towards a critical eco-psychoanalysis” (will be distributed well in advance)
Morton, T. Ecology Without Nature: Rethinking Environmental Aesthetics. 2007, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Morton, T. “Queer Ecology”, PMLA 125.2 (March 2010), 1–19
Sandilands, C. “Melancholy Natures, Queer Ecologies” in Sandilands and Erikson (eds) Queer Ecologies: Sex, Nature, Politics, Desire, 2010, Indiana University Press
Afternoon Seminar 1.30 – 4.00
Phenomenology & Psychoanalysis – Paul Zeal
Preparing for these seminars is a work in progress. Phenomenology and existentialism are enormously significant traditions in mainland Europe, and we will not be able to do much more than touch on them. All prescribed readings will be in, or in the case of Laing due to, those traditions, and we will bring psychoanalytic texts into the discussions as they come to mind and as we go along.
We will refer to Hegel, Kierkegaard and Nietzsche, but we will concentrate on Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty, Binswanger and Laing.
Reading will be selected from:
W. Barrett, (1961), Irrational Man, A Study in Existential Philosophy
L. Binswanger [choice not yet made]
H.J. Blackham, (1961), Six Existentialist Thinkers
H-G. Gadamer, (1981), Truth and Method
M. Heidegger, (1962), Being and Time, J. McQuarrie and E. Robinson (Trans.), New York: Harper and Row
A.J.J. de Koning and F.A. Jenner (Eds.), (1982), Phenomenology and Psychiatry
R.D. Laing, The Divided Self
R.D. Laing, The Self and Others
M. Merleau-Ponty, (1962), Phenomenology of Perception
M. Merleau-Ponty, (1964), The Primacy of Perception
P. Roubiczek, (1964), Existentialism – for and against
H. Vickers, (2000), Alice, Princess Andrew of Greece
Journal of the Society for Existential Analysis 6.1, (January 1995)
I will discuss with Sally in September, how to circulate material much of which will have to be photocopied. But in the meantime you might like to read or obtain the Laing books, Merleau-Ponty’s The Primacy of Perception Part 1: ‘Questions of Epistemology and Method, Phenomenological Psychiatry’, and the Heidegger.
(Site conference 17 March 2012)
Training day: 24 March 2012
The Moral Emotions and their Place in Psychotherapy – Farhad Dalal
In its early days, classical psychoanalysis thought of itself as a scientific project, with the analyst positioned as objective external observer to the patient. It was also the case at that time, that the analytical viewpoint tended to be asocial, internalist and individualistic. Although some psychoanalysts continue in this vein, things have moved on, in particular with the advent of attachment theory, relational therapy, intersubjectivity, and so forth. There is an increasing recognition that humans are social beings and so embedded in, and constituted by, power relationships.
But social also means that humans are embedded in, and constituted by, ethics and moral relationships. On the whole, psychotherapy is not conceived of as a moral project. In fact therapists are cautioned to keep their moral viewpoints out of the process. How possible is this? How ethical is this? If therapy is a moral project, then what does it mean for technique? These and other similar questions will be the basis of the day.
Farhad Dalal is a supervisor and training group analyst for the Institute of Group Analysis, London. Until recently he was an Associate Fellow at the University of Hertfordshire’s Business School. He is a founder member of the South Devon Psychotherapy and Counselling Service. He works with organizations and also has a psychotherapy practice in Totnes and Exeter. In his first book Taking the Group Seriously (1998 Jessica Kingsley) he argues against individualism and for the relational nature of human life. In his second book Race, Colour and the Processes of Racialization, (2002 Brunner-Routledge) he draws on diverse disciplines to form his understanding of some of the causes of the hatred of Others in general and racism in particular.
(Easter April 6th-9th)
SUMMER TERM 2012
Training day: 28 April 2012
Psychosis – Haya Oakley
The day will start with considering paranoia as a way of being in the world and as a structure. We will look at how we can tell if a patient is ‘really’ paranoid and what would be the clinical implications of this. I will base my presentation on my own clinical examples and on a thesis by Fried,Y and Agassi, J (1976) PARANOIA: A STUDY IN DIAGNISIS. Boston Studies in The Philosophy of Science.Vol L.D Reidel publishing Co. Boston-USA. You might have a problem getting hold of the book and I will not expect you to have read it in time for the seminar but you might like to refresh your reading with anything about paranoia.
We will follow this by a theoretical overview of contemporary psychoanalytic theories of psychosis (Freud to Lacan via the Object Relations tradition) and the clinical implications. Finally, I hope to bring it all together utilising F Roustang and some more clinical illustrations.
The following books might be of interest to you prior, during or after the day:
Freud, S (1922b) Some neurotic mechanisms in Jealousy, Paranoia and Homosexuality
Freud. S (1924 b 1923) Neurosis and Psychosis SE XIX 149
Freud, S (1924 e) The loss of reality in neurosis and psychosis SE XIX 183
(If you only have time of one Freud paper, read this one)
Klein, M (1930) The importance of Symbol- formation in the development of the Ego in: Contributions to psychoanalysis. London, Hogarth Press 1932
Anything by Rosenfeld, H.A from: Psychotic States, a Psychoanalytic approach, New York International University Press.
Lacan, J. ‘on a question preliminary to any possible treatment of psychosis’ in: Ecrit, a selection, Tavistock Publications, London 1977 –179-221
Roustang, F. “Towards a Theory of Psychosis” In: Dire Mastery. Discipleship from Freud to Lacan. John Hopkins University Press. Baltimore and London. 1976
Haya Oakley is a psychoanalyst in private practice in London. She graduated at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in 1967. She trained with the Philadelphia Association in London where she worked for nearly thirty years as a teacher, committee member and therapist to a ‘therapeutic household’. In 1997 she left the PA and set up with others the Site for Contemporary Psychoanalysis.
She has been a member of the Guild of Psychotherapist which she chaired for seven years. She served on the Guild’s training committee for nineteen years, teaching, analysing and supervising trainees.
For over seventeen years Haya was actively involved with the UKCP where she served on many committees and was the Chair of the Psychoanalytic Section.
Her professional interests include: Philosophy and psychoanalysis, the psychoanalytic study of ‘psychosis’, comparative study of psychoanalytic theories and the politics of psychoanalytic institutions. Haya was a guest teacher at a number of Universities and has contributed to books, TV and radio programmes.
She currently teaches at AGIP, The Guild and the Site. Haya is also a founder member of The College of Psychoanalysts UK.
12 and 26 May, 9 and 23 June and 7 July 2012
Morning seminar 9.30 – 12.30
Oedipus and The Death Drive – Joe Suart
These seminars will look at Freud’s account of the role of the Castration Complex in the formation of the individual’s sexuality. We will explore how this theory uses Sophocles’ play, Oedipus Rex, to establish the subject at the heroic centre of what is a distinctly personal narrative. We will then explore how Freud deals with the challenge to this narrative by his idea of the Death drive which leads him to his topographical structure of the subject presented in the Ego and the Id.
Through these seminars I want to ask whether Freud’s thinking presents a theory of subjectivity that cannot release itself from seeing its environment as a reflection of itself.
Oedipus and the Castration Complex:
Sophocles, Oedipus Rex (also worth reading Antigone and Oedipus at Colonnus. Or
better still would be to get an audio reading of one or all three)
Freud, The Interpretation of Dreams Chapter V, D Typical Dreams (Freud’s first
publication of his reading of the Oedipus myth and its relevance for the incest taboo and the Castration complex)
Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality
Dissolution of the Oedipus Complex
Some psychical consequences of the anatomical distinction between the sexes
George Hogenson: Jung’s Struggle with Freud (particularly chapt 5 ‘The
Interpretation of Incest’ )
Jung, Psychology of the Unconscious: A Study of the Transformations and Symbols
of the Libido (particularly the last section, ‘The Sacrifice’)
The Death Drive:
Hoffman, The Sandman
Freud, The Uncanny
Beyond the Pleasure Principle
The Ego & the Id
Civilisation and its Discontents (particularly chapt V, VI, VII)
Afternoon seminar 1.30 – 4.00
Reflections on the Jungian subject – Gill Stuart & Peter Millar
These seminars will focus upon different influences and conceptualisations of Jungian work. Gill will begin the series with 3 seminars on Jung and death. She will be exploring texts that speak to a foundational human dualism – the desire for mastery through transcendence and enlightenment and the felt experience of abject vulnerability in the face of contingency. Interwoven with the theoretical, will be consideration of the relentless revelation in clinical sessions of change, loss, bereavement, death-anxiety and spiritual practices and beliefs and the hard to relinquish cherished concept of our child-like narcissism in the face of our mortality.
Gray, J (2003) Straw Dogs: Thoughts on humans and other animals, Granta
Rinpoche, S The Tibetan Book of Living and Dying
Harding, D,E (1991) On Having no Head, Arkana
Peake, A (2009) Is There Life after death?, Arcturus
Peter Millar will conclude this series with 2 seminars that will critically compare Winnicott with Jung – details to follow in the Autumn.