October 9th, October 23rd, November 6th, November 20th, December 4th 2010
Morning seminar 10.00am – 1.00pm
Childhood & Psychoanalysis – Sally Sales
The purpose of these seminars is to open up for discussion the place of childhood within psychoanalytic theory and practice. The 5 seminars will be framed by two questions: Could we practice psychoanalysis without a concept of childhood? What are the implications for practice in anchoring subjectivity in childhood experience?
Seminars 1-3 will critically look at the post-Enlightenment notion of an origin, a foundation for human subjectivity in the form of childhood. Where does this idea come from and how does it drive contemporary theorising within British psychoanalysis.
The final two seminars will consider different psychoanalytic theories of early life and the different psychoanalytic practices they have produced. These accounts all have a convergence of focus around the 6-12 month stage, variously accounted for as: the depressive position, the mirror stage, transitional phenomena and proximity seeking. We will comparatively discuss these accounts of early life and consider what place – if any – they occupy in our clinical work.
Seminar 1: Historicising Childhood (1)
This seminar will situate the modern centrality of childhood within the post-enlightenment discourse of the self. Concepts such as the inner world and the inner child will be discussed in terms of the new concept of childhood that was emerging in the nineteenth century. Freud’s concept of the unconscious will be situated within and beyond this emergence.
Carolyn Steedman: Strange Dislocations: Childhood & The Idea of Human Interiority (1995) Ch 5: The world turned within
S Freud: Screen Memories (1899) SE Vol III
S Freud: The Unconscious (1915) SE Vol XIV
Seminar 2: Historicising Childhood (2)
This seminar will consider how the family and childhood have become the privileged foundation for the production of the sexual subject? Is psychoanalysis simply an effect of the deployment of sexuality or can/does it transform this dominant discourse?
N.Rose: Governing the Soul (1999) Ch12: The gaze of the psychologist & Ch 13: Adjusting the bonds of love; M. Foucault: History of Sexuality Volume I P. Part 4: Domain P.103-114
Seminar 3: History & genealogy
This seminar will explore what is at stake in designating an origin or foundation for subjectivity. How far can Foucault’s concept of genealogy help challenge and unsettle the primary importance accorded to childhood history in psychoanalytic practice.
M Foucault: Nietzsche, Genealogy, History in Essential Works of Foucault Vol II Ed James Faubion (1998)
We will compare Winnicott’s notion of mirroring to Lacan’s mirror stage and consider how they lead to very different concepts of early life/clinical practice
D Winnicott: Mirror role of mother & family in child development & Transitional Objects & Transitional Phenomena in Playing & Reality (1971) London: Routledge
J Lacan: The Mirror stage in Ecrits (1977) London: Tavistock & 1960 version in Seminar VIII transference trans B Fink
We will compare Klein’s depressive position with Bowlby’s account of ‘proximity seeking’ and go onto explore their very divergent ideas about how attachments are formed.
M Klein: psychogenesis of manic-depressive states (1935) in Love, Guilt & Reparation London: Virago
J Bowlby: Ch’s 11 & 12 in Vol I Attachment & Loss (1997) London: Pimlico
Afternoon Seminar 2.00pm – 4.45pm
Seduction & Sexuality in Freud – Ilric Shetland
These seminars will explore and discuss the emergence of Freud’s theories of sexuality through a close reading of two early Freud texts – the Three Essays and the case history of little Hans. We will trace how these theories came out of Freud’s early thinking around actual paternal seduction, a concern that has returned in the contemporary cultural preoccupation with paedophilia and child sexual abuse.
Seminar One The seduction theory
Heredity and the Aetiology of the Neuroses (1896) p. 149-156
The Aetiology of Hysteria (1896) Part II P. 203-214
Further remarks on the Neuro-Psychoses of Defence (1896) P.162-168 including footnotes
All in SE III Early Psycho-Analytic Publications
Seminar Two- Three: Seduction in question: the ‘discovery’ of infantile sexuality
The Three Essays Part I, Part II & Part III P.141-146
In volume XII Penguin edition or SE XII
Seminar Four-Five: Case history of infantile sexuality – Little Hans
Little Hans case history SE X
January 22nd, February 5th, February 19th, March 5th, March 19th
Morning seminar 10.00am – 1.00pm
Psychoanalysis, Environment and Climate Change – Adrian Tait
This part of the training will seek to both contextualise and provide useful material for a psychoanalytic approach to climate change and the wider issue of ecological crisis. “Psychoanalytic” in this context will include and compare the contributions of analytic psychology and psychodynamic perspectives. We aim to explore the ways in which psychoanalytic conceptions of psychic structure could help us understand our responses to environmental and climate crisis on personal, socio-cultural and political levels. We will consider the impact of the experience of climate change threat on clinical work, and question how this might affect how we practice psychoanalytically, and also explore the possibility for psychoanalytic work to be a site of resistance to dominant discourses of individuality and consumption
Seminar 1: Introduction
The ethical and professional case for psychoanalytic engagement with climate change and environmental issues. Some historical comment on efforts to engage. The external, personal and internal environments. The key subject of denial and how psychoanalysis might help us address as well as understand it. Ecopsychology – the only show in town? (does Jungian psychology have more in common with ecology than does psychoanalysis?)
Seminar 2: The Ecopsychological Perspective
To include Mary-Jayne Rust’s “Climate on the Couch” and/or Sandra White’s “Transitioning from Homo Economus to Homo Ecologus”.
Seminars 3 & 4: Contemporary Psychoanalytic Takes
Paul Hoggett on perversity and the apocalyptic imagination, Rosemary Randall on the relevance of mourning, Sally Weintrobe on greed and arrogance, Renee Lertzman on the myth of apathy. Other psychodynamic perspectives, e.g. Paul Maiteny’s Psychotherapy as eco-systemic activity.
Seminar 5: In Conclusion
A more detailed discussion of any of the above which attract particular interest. Towards an integrated view.
Afternoon Seminar 2.00pm – 4.45pm
Dreams and dreaming: Five seminars based on Freud’s seminal text – Paul Zeal
Freud valued his ‘dream book’ so highly that he had the year 1900 as publication date although it was available in 1899. It was his book for the new century. In it we can see him generating the rudiments of the psychoanalytic stance and orientation. Page references are to the Standard Edition, but the book is also available in Penguin/Pelican. The Interpretation of Dreams. SE Vols. 4 and 5.
Seminar one: Ch. 2. ‘The method of interpreting dreams: an analysis of a specimen dream’, (pp96-121).
Seminar two: Ch. 3. ‘A dream is the fulfilment of a wish’, (pp122-133); and Ch. 4 ‘Distortion in dreams’ (pp134-162).
Seminar three: From Ch. 5. Section (D). ‘Typical dreams’, pp241-276.
Seminar four: From Ch. 6. ‘The dream work’, comprising: Introduction, (A) The work of condensation, and (B) The work of displacement, (pp 277-338).
Seminar five: From Ch. 7. ‘The Psychology of the dream processes’, comprising: Introduction, Section (A) The forgetting of dreams, Section (B) Regression, (pp509-549), and Section (E) The primary and secondary processes, (pp588-610).
We will learn to employ Freud’s technique of free association with regard to our own dreams and dreaming processes. Our task is to engage with his way of setting about things, of making discoveries, and with his way of seeing. More broadly our task is to situate our dreams and dreaming meaningfully in our own lives, and to realize ourselves as beings who dream both when asleep and awake.
The Clinical Discussions on February 19th and March 19th will be based on my spoken but otherwise unpublished paper ‘Dreamtime’ which will be emailed to you by February 12th.
May 7th, May 21st, June 4th, June 18th, July 2nd, July 16th
Training Day Stephen Gee
The aim of the weekend is to focus on the debates and struggles of the last 30 years or so over gender and (homo/hetero) sexuality; the conflicted role of psychoanalysis within these movements and the productive critiques elaborated by various theorists, especially Butler and Bersani. There will be a close look at certain texts of these authors but trainees will be encouraged to read as widely as they can. The relevant work of Freud and Lacan will also be studied so that trainees will be familiar with the writing referred to by the later theorists. An overview of the feminist turn in psychoanalysis will also be included with reference to Kristeva
Various questions will be raised: how does this work affect our clinical approach? And related to this, why is it important for contemporary psychoanalysis to persist in bringing this work in from the margins where it tends to be repeatedly consigned?
What does the analysis of power in Butler, Foucault et al imply for the practice of the psychoanalyst? Are there new forms? New (or no) norms?
May 21st, June 4th, June 18th, July 2nd, July 16th
Morning seminar 10.00am – 12.30pm
Controversy and Divergence in Psychoanalysis
Twentieth century psychoanalytic history has been characterised by a series of schisms or splits which have resulted in significant diversity in terms of theoretical positions and clinical practices. This has led to establishment of numerous psychoanalytic organisations, including Freudian, Jungian, Kleinian, Object Relations and Lacanian schools which have often had (and sometimes continue to have) very public disagreements.
This series of 4 seminars will focus on two of the most consequential splits in psychoanalysis – Jung’s break with Freud and the schisms within the British Society during the 1940s.
Seminars 1 & 2: May 21st & June 4
Jung and the Emergence of Analytical Psychology: Gill Stuart
In these seminars we will explore the split between Jung and Freud, with particular emphasis on the radical departure Jung’s theoretical model offers. Priority will be given to Jung’s positing of a collective unconscious which represents itself through archetypes, myths, fairy tales, arcane spiritual texts and cultural art works.
Jung, C,G (1989) Memories, Dreams, Reflections, London: Vintage
Harpur, P (2010) A complete Guide to the Soul, London: Rider
Jung, C, G (1955) Modern Man in search of a Soul, New York: Harcourt Harvest
Seminars 3 & 4: June 18th 10.00-4.00
The Controversial Discussions: Kirsty Hall
The Controversial Discussions took place from 1941-45 and set the direction of British psychoanalysis for the remainder of the twentieth century. Subsequent divisions and developments in British psychoanalysis stem from this time. The main text for these sessions is The Freud-Klein Discussions 1941-5. Despite its length and cost (a fraction under £40), this book is a real page-turner.
The arrival of Melanie Klein in Britain in the 1920s was followed by the much later arrival of Anna Freud and her friends. The latter found to their surprise and dismay that the psychoanalysis they brought from Vienna was radically different from the prevailing ethos in their new country. In Britain, both conceptual ideas and clinical practice had moved away from Freud’s teachings in a number of ways as a result of Klein’s influence. The recent death of Freud, the competing claims to inherit the mantle of the founding father of psychoanalysis and the stranglehold of Glover and Jones on the British Psychoanalytical Society were also factors at play.
We will undertake a close reading of one of the key papers discussed during the Controversies, Susan Isaacs’ “The Nature and Function of Fantasy”. This paper is in the text of The Controversial Discussions but it can also be downloaded from PEPweb. We will also look at the extensive commentaries on this paper in the book.
The Freud-Klein Discussions 1941-5 Eds. Pearl King and Riccardo Steiner, London: Routledge, 1991.
‘The Nature and Function of Phantasy’ Susan Isaacs– in the above book but also downloadable from PEPweb.
Supplementary Reading for those who are interested
Mistress of Her Own Thoughts: Ella Freeman Sharpe and the Practice of Psychoanalysis Ed. Maurice Whelan, London: Rebus Press, 2000.
The Independent Mind in British Psychoanalysis Eric Rayner, London: FAB, 1991.
On the Early Development of Mind, Edward Glover, New York: IUP, 1956.
“On counter-transference”, Paula Heimann, Int. J. Psycho-Anal. 31: 81-4, 1950.
Afternoon Seminar 1.30pm – 4.00pm
Transference, Resistance and Psychoanalytic History – Margot Young
“It may thus be said that the theory of psycho-analysis is an attempt to account for two observed facts that strike one conspicuously and unexpectedly whenever an attempt is made to trace the symptoms of a neurotic back to their source in his past life: the facts of transference and resistance” (Freud, 1914, On the History of the Psychoanalytic Movement)
The concepts of transference and resistance lie at the heart of psychoanalytic theory and practice. This seminar will explore their emergence through Freud’s experience of working with hysterics, before looking at the ways in which later differences in psychoanalytic approaches to transference and resistance reflect varying conceptions of psychic structure, and uses of transference as “technique,” suggest different ways in which power operates within psychoanalysis
Seminar 1: May 21st Psychoanalytic beginnings
Hysteria, repression and the emergence of transference and resistance in Freud’s thought. Context of late 19th century treatment of hysteria and Freud’s early writing on the subject, including “Fragment of an Analysis of a Case of Hysteria.”
Seminar 2: June 4th Transference
Freud’s theorisation and use of transference and resistance as psychoanalytic technique in “Observations on Transference Love.” Concepts of transference-resistance and analyst’s position of “abstinence”
Seminar 3 & 4: July 2nd all day Subsequent views
The debate between the positions held by Melanie Klein and Anna Freud on the use of transference and resistance as psychoanalytic technique – using extracts from the minutes of the British Psychoanalytical Society meetings (published as “The Freud-Klein Controversies”) The significance of the ego and the analysis of defences.
We will also disucss Lacan’s critique of ego psychology and practices of interpreting the transference. Idea of interpretation within rather than of transference. Also Lacanian view of resistance as lying with the position of the analyst rather than the analysand.
Seminar 5: July 16th The contemporary cultural context
Use of transference and resistance in current psychoanalytic practices, including the wider implications of the differing uses in terms of their normative or non normative effects and the operation of power in the psychoanalytic relationship. Derek Hook’s Foucauldian study of power in psychodynamic psychotherapy. Consideration of relationship between Freud’s conceptualisation of resistance and other forms of resistance including the notion of resistance to/within discourse and political resistance.
Reading – A full list of texts will be available at a later date.
In the afternoon of July 16th between 1.30 and 3.00pm we will hold a review session for the years teaching